WASHINGTON—With a solemn Mass, the mournful toll of bells, and patriotic songs and poems, more than 300 gathered at the St. John Paul II National Shrine in Washington on Nov. 11 to mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I and to honor those men and women who have served in the armed forces.
Similar services were held across the country, and the world, including in the Diocese of Charleston, S.C. Here, members of the Knights of Columbus Honor Guard unfurled the American flag as bells in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Charleston were rung in remembrance of all who served and all who died in WWI and in all wars in which Americans have fought.
In Washington, Archbishop Timothy P. Broglio of the U.S. Archdiocese for the Military Services, said “We have gathered not to assign blame, look at causes or rejoice in victory,” said “We gather to give thanks to those who sacrificed themselves. We also assemble to beg God for lasting peace.”
“We not only look back in gratitude,” he added, “but we look forward to profit from what we celebrate.”
Archbishop Broglio was the homilist at the Mass, and Baltimore Archbishop William E. Lori , supreme chaplain of the Knights of Columbus, was the principal celebrant. The commemoration was held on Veterans Day, the national holiday that was formerly known as Armistice Day in honor of the signing of an armistice on Nov. 11, 1918, that ended World War I.
“The soldiers we honor today risked their lives for a greater value: to end a senseless war,” Archbishop Broglio said. He added all veterans have responded to the call “to defend the weak and support our allies in favor of those freedoms in which we believe.”
The Mass was offered Nov. 11 at 11 a.m. — the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month — the same hour in Paris that the armistice between the Allies and Germany took effect exactly 100 years ago, thus ending “the war to end all wars.” The conflict — which was waged from 1914 to 1918 — resulted in around 40 million casualties.
In commemorating “the centennial of the armistice,” Archbishop Lori said, “we are commemorating those who gave their lives for freedom. … We pray to our God of mercy and reconciliation for peace.”
Archbishop Broglio said the men and women who serve in the armed forces “go into the midst of conflict in our place. They have a sacrificial willingness to serve a greater good. It is essential we give thanks.”
He also mourned “the tremendous sacrifice of human potential when men fail to settle their differences by other means” than war.
Lt. Gen. Nadja West, the Army surgeon general, was a lector at the Mass. Gold Star mothers Judith Faunce and Mary Wiley, both of whom lost sons in conflict, were gift bearers.
The Mass was offered on what would have been the 44th birthday of Faunce’s son, Capt. Brian Faunce, who was killed in action Sept. 18, 2003. “I thought of him and that I gave birth to him exactly 44 years ago today,” Faunce said. “World War I was supposed to be the war to end all wars, but it wasn’t. Today, I honor all the vets — not only those who died, but also the living.”
Wiley’s son, Army Spc. Ross Vogel, was killed in action Sept. 29, 2009. He was 27. “We must never forget what they did for their country. We must never forget their sacrifices and their willingness to give up their lives,” Wiley said.
Prior to the Mass, the Knights of Columbus and the Archdiocese for the Military Services hosted an armistice centennial commemoration ceremony. It included readings from Catholic poet Joyce Kilmer, best known for the poem “Trees,” but he also was a Knight of Columbus and a soldier killed in WWI.
During the ceremony, Kilmer’s crucifix was displayed, along with helmets worn by “doughboys,” a nickname for U.S. soldiers who fought in France and the uniform worn by Father John DeValles, a Catholic chaplain known as “The Angel of the Trenches” for his heroic ministry to the injured and dying in that war.
That event also included a ceremonial wreath laying and the tolling of a bell 11 times to mark the 100th anniversary of the end of the war.
Supreme Knight Carl Anderson pointed out that the Knights of Columbus were instrumental in establishing “comfort centers,” which “supported those who bore the burden of war.”
“In a world of hatred and bloodshed … the Knights of Columbus had a higher mission — a mission that continues today,” Anderson said. “We continue to believe that our principles are cornerstones for our faith, our communities and our nation.”
He noted that the first American officer killed in the war, Army medical officer Dr. William Fitzsimons, and the last American officer to be killed in the war, Father William Davitt, a chaplain, were both members of the Knights of Columbus. Anderson called them “two men who embodied the virtues of charity, unity, fraternity and patriotism.”
At the Mass, Archbishop Broglio reminded those in attendance that “war is the failure of statesmen, but the weight is borne by the armed forces,” and urged the faithful to work for “the promotion of understanding and world peace.”
By Richard Szczepanowski/Catholic News Service: Szczepanowski is a staff writer at the Catholic Standard, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Washington.
The Catholic Miscellany, Diocese of Charleston, S.C., contributed to this report.
Top photo, Miscellany/Doug Deas: Members of the Knights of Columbus Honor Guard process into the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Charleston, S.C., during a Veterans Day Mass celebrated at 11 a.m. on the 11th day of the 11th month in remembrance of the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War.